A Darwin Day Scientific Treasury

Reading Darwin's booksAnyone who has followed my writings for awhile knows that I have a thing for men of science. I adored Sir Isaac Newton at an early age, I wrote a screenplay about Chief Chemist Harvey Wiley as a teenage girl (I think it needs a second revision), I’ve dissected Charles Darwin’s mind in college, and I interviewed Professor John Lennox a couple of years ago. I’m actually working on a new script that involves a fictional scientist, but that is a story for another day.

American President Abraham Lincoln and British naturalist Charles Darwin would have both turned 204 today. As of late, I’ve seen more Americans obsessing over Darwin. Some Democrats in Congress wanted to officially designate February 12th, 2013 as “Darwin Day” to recognize “the importance of science in the betterment of humanity.” (Hmmm, as long as science has a moral check and balance, if they had the nerve to specify…)

Since I never want my academic work to go to waste, I’ve recycled some papers that readers might enjoy.


Written for an English literature class in 2010, this essay of mine dissects the rhetorical strategies of Darwin.


Written last year for a history class on Victorian England, this term paper of mine investigates the factors behind the acceptance of Darwinism.


“Together with Marx’s materialistic theory of history and society and Freud’s attribution of human behavior to influences over which we have little control, Darwin’s theory of evolution was a crucial plank in the platform of mechanism and materialism – of much of science, in short – that has been the stage of most Western thought.”
- Douglas Futuyma

Armin Cifuentes/Ronald Martinez (Getty Images)


Does Darwin rule the electorate? Why does a stigma surround those who are skeptical of Darwinism, and how should candidates respond?

Jan Ingenhousz

Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch physician (1730-1799)

“We might conceive a little more of the deep designs of the Supreme Wisdom in the different arrangement of sublunary beings. The stubborn atheist would, perhaps, find reason to humiliate himself before that Almighty Being, whose existence he denies because his limited senses represent to him nothing but a confused chaos of miseries and disorders in this world.” - Jan Ingenhousz, in a piece of writing I discovered in the antique book, The Beginnings of Modern Science: Scientific Writings of the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries.

Dissecting ‘Darwinocracy’ UPDATED – 10/30/2011

Armin Cifuentes/Ronald Martinez (Getty Images)

This post is an appendix to my Washington Times Communities article, Darwinocracy: The evolution question in American politics.

Does Darwin rule the electorate? Why does a stigma surround those who are skeptical of Darwinism, and how should candidates respond?

Ah, the evolution question. It’s one of the latest politipop culture quizzes posed to American political candidates (Republican candidates, to be specific).

The stigma surrounding some conservatives’ answers to the question is grounded mostly in confusion about what actually encompasses Darwinian evolution. The two core principles of Darwinian evolution are natural selection and common descent with modification. The Galapagos finches, dogs, chickens and horses are a few organisms in which the power of natural selection and artificial selection is blatantly obvious to even the casual observer (my college textbook for political theory class erroneously states that conservatives want to ban Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection from schools).

Those who are skeptical of evolution are actually skeptical of common descent with modification, because they think there are reasons to believe that natural selection is limited.


There is evidence that many Darwinian predictions in this area have been inaccurate. To mention a few: The list of vestigial organs in the human body has been reduced to practically nil; there have been out of place fossil discoveries (as well as soft tissue found in dinosaur fossils); there is an immense gap between prokaryotes and eukaryotes; 99% of evidence from molecular biology does not reflect a trend of common descent (if you scrutinize the results of cytochrome C amino acid sequences according to the metabolic needs of an organism, for instance); there is an increasing absence of “junk DNA”; experiments have shown generations of mutating bacteria to not necessarily increase in fitness (biochemist Michael Behe explains that E. coli experiments have shown “Mostly devolution…[t]he lesson of E. coli is that it’s easier for evolution to break things than make things”), and those are experiments on asexually reproducing organisms – the experiments with sexually reproducing organisms are even less thrilling.

Do evolutionists have explanations to avenge all these dead ends of Darwinism?

Of course they do. They generally operate on the circular premise that evolution happened because it must have happened, so the only questions for them involve defining and refining specifically how evolution did it. The possibility of the evidence actually contradicting evolutionary predictions evidently never crosses their minds.

Amusingly, this is similar to what they accuse Biblical creationists of doing – clinging to predictions derived from historical records in the Bible and never daring to consider the possibility that creation didn’t happen.

These rival perspectives run deep in the soul and neither can be dismissed as merely the result of stupidity or ignorance. One difference between the two is that Darwin loyalists have an image advantage thanks to caricaturing media.

In the scant 150 years since the evolutionary ideas of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace were formally presented, the handling of evolution from a public relations stand point has been brilliant (as I explained in a college essay that can be read here).

Essentially, Darwin (and his followers) won the public debate by defining who the debate was between: The scientific and the unscientific.

Thus, before much speculation about the different means and limits of evolution appeared, any potential doubt about them was destined to be labeled “unscientific” by the academic majority that was more afraid of being embarrassed than being wrong.

Yet however much popularity and longevity the theory of evolution has appreciated, if we know anything about the history of science, it is that science is tentative and not governed by majority rule (except when it’s absurdly politicized, of course – which is irrelevant to data).

New data often results in subtle changes in scientific positions that are held for a brief time. For instance, the Davson-Danielli model for cell membranes was “generally accepted” by scientists from 1935 up until the early 1970s, when the Singer-Nicolson model offered a better explanation.

Sometimes new data causes a tremendous upset that age-old politically correct establishments have a difficult time tolerating, such as when Aristotelian natural philosophy dominated for about 900 years until the likes of Copernicus, Galileo and Newton gradually chipped away at the likelihood of it.

For all our nearsighted society knows now, Darwin could be the next Aristotle.

By the way, some Christians and theists – rightly or wrongly – are convinced that evolution is the process that God used to create life on Earth, while others think there is not sufficient scientific or historical evidence for it. This illustrates that believers can, without squeamishness, leverage evidence for and against evolution.

The same cannot be said for most unbelievers, whose leftist obsession with Darwinian evolution is misguided and not so much evidence-based as it is agenda-driven. If Darwinism is shown to not be entirely true, then the very foundations of their ideologies will be uprooted. The slightest amount of evidence to the contrary risks pulling the rug out from under the feet of naturalism and thus they cannot tolerate it.

Q. Do you think evolution should be taught in schools?

This was a question posed to Miss USA contestants earlier this year, and I squirmed the entire time I listened to their bubblegum responses. This isn’t even a difficult question.

Evolution has been so influential in shaping worldviews prevalent in the past century (even affecting Woodrow Wilson’s constitutional philosophy) that you cannot be well-educated without knowing about it.

Furthermore, the most powerful thing you can do for truth is the most devastating thing you can do for error: Thoroughly study it.

Teach the origin of the concept, teach what evolution is observably capable of, and teach what its puzzling limitations are. But to teach that everything about it is settled, unquestionable fact is to undermine and make a mockery of science itself.

Why would any evolutionist be afraid of teaching evolution in its entirety, warts and all?

Well, I’ll admit that most creationists I know have the same story: “I was an evolutionist until I started seriously studying evolution.”

Science is never fully settled. There is data in my college biology textbook that came out just two years before the textbook was published – and new information might one day contradict it (that’s why new editions are constantly being written and published). Those who believe that everything about one principle of one theory of science is “settled fact” appear to be desperately seeking a stable, unwavering substitute for GOD. Science simply cannot offer such a substitute.


My “evolution question in politics” column generated many long, thoughtful comments. I was pleasantly surprised by this. I’m glad to see that more and more evolutionists and unbelievers are putting effort into original thought and sharing information in comments – quite an improvement over the short, profane comments I used to get.

Let me begin with posting some of the excellent comments left by the Communities’ very own Politics editor, Jim Picht (I’ll highlight points I find important):

(In response to another commenter)

“”There is no controversy among the science community …” There’s always controversy in the scientific community. That’s not a sign of weakness, but of strength. It’s when people lack the courage of their convictions that they become fundamentalists, whether fundamentalist Christians or fundamentalist secularists. People who have mature confidence don’t mind at all having the weaknesses in their arguments pulled out and examined in minute detail.

Science is as prone to dogmatic thinking as any other facet of human existence. The glory of science is that it has built into the mechanisms for the discovery and elimination of its own dogmas. But in a number of disciplines (climate science and evolutionary biology spring to mind), politicization has created a knee-jerk defensive posture that plays into the hands of people who want to discount science altogether.

Science doesn’t have all the answers, as you observe, and it can’t. It shouldn’t ever pretend to. Yes, admitting to problems and inconsistencies and gaps emboldens critics, and in these fractious times no one ever wants to embolden critics (hence like medieval popes, politicians and scientists today are forced into positions of inerrancy), but whatever the tactical gains, it’s a strategic error not to let it all hang out, warts, ad hoc-ery and all. We don’t know how life began (and evolution isn’t about origins, but about diversity, so what’s the big deal?), we don’t know exactly what the impact is of human activity on climate, and some things that science claims it knows today will be found silly tomorrow. Life goes on, and science is still the best tool we have for figuring out the physical world around us.

There’s no such thing, Chris, as “a true fact based science curriculum.” There’s only tentative truth and facts as we know them. The curriculum can do without dogma, religious or scientific. Science education is a whole lot more fun and a whole lot more positive and powerful a force to create a population of critical and original thinkers when we look at it as a voyage, not a destination. Capital-T Truth may be the destination in principle, but it’s the destination we’ll never achieve. Let’s not mess up young minds and sour them on science by pretending otherwise.” – JWPicht

“…In fact I’m an evolutionary “true believer” through and through. I degreed in life-science and worked in a genetics lab (Howard Hughes Medical Institutes) before wandering off to become an economist. I don’t claim to be an expert in evolution, merely a well-informed layman, but it seems clear to me that Darwin gives us the only scientific game in town for understanding the diversity of life on earth.

Scientists should be very pleased with that, trumpet the successes of the theory, and be excited to grapple with its failures. Instead when they write for the lay public, they defensively act as if they have perfect knowledge of absolute Truth. That’s just silly. Science should upset religious and political beliefs. I have no objection with that. What science should not do is impose its own dogmas. Most scientists are like most economists – they don’t have an agenda, they do try to do good, honest work. But the thought that people like Dawkins (the “village atheist”) don’t have an agenda is laughable, and the defensive posture taken by many scientists is predictably human in the face of the political firestorms they sometimes face. Scientists get paid to be objective, but when they apply for grants, they know that some perspectives are preferred to others.

Scientists usually try to be objective (even when their funding comes from energy companies or the NIH), but they aren’t machines, nor are they monsters of logic. I haven’t argued that scientists politicized evolution. But it has been politicized, and they respond in a knee-jerk defensive way. The fact that you read my comments as blaming the scientists for politicization and saw in them an assumption of dishonesty is indicative to me of that sort of knee-jerk response. All I really said is that a defensive posture that refuses to admit to the outside world the possibility of error is the antithesis of science. More than being paid to be objective (a nonsense proposition in the human world), scientists are paid to think critically. If many of the criticisms leveled at evolutionary biology are trivially rebutted, fine, but there’s a great deal of disagreement within the scientific community about the hows of evolution, there’s incomplete understanding about the process, there are gaps in our understanding. That’s the way it is in science.” – JWPicht

“Amanda, arguments about evolution itself were a predictable response to your article. What has been ignored is the question of whether belief one way or another in evolution is relevant to a person’s qualifications for public office.

As it happens, I’m quite convinced that evolution is the only scientific explanation for the diversity of life on earth. It’s imperfect, but scientific understanding always is. We don’t every know the absolute truth, but only tentative truths. That’s not a defect of scientific models and method, and if we understand the limits of scientific thinking, they also underscore its power.

But I really don’t care what Rick Perry believes about evolution, and I’m puzzled why anyone wants to know his views on the subject. I don’t care about his views on quantum mechanics, either. What I want to know is what he plans to do about the deficit, unemployment, the deployment of American forces abroad, when he thinks it’s appropriate to intervene in the affairs of another country, and so on. Unless we want the White House to set science curricula in American schools (a serious violation of the principles of minimalist federal government that so many conservatives claim to admire), his views on science just aren’t an issue. (If he wants the federal government to start dictating what’s taught in biology classes, then we have an issue.)

Liberals take disbelief in evolution as a symptom of general intellectual laziness or stupidity, hence they see it as disqualifying for high office. As an economist, I might see their inability to understand the destructive effects of minimum wage on unskilled black men under 30 as equally a symptom of stupidity, or perhaps racial malice and moral degeneracy. I prefer to think that they place emphasis on different outcomes than I do on the basis of different values, but it remains the case their views on minimum wage and their economic literacy are much more important qualifications for public office than their views on evolution.

We all think that whatever it is that interests us is what’s really important. I think that it’s terrible that kids don’t study economics more in school, my wife (a professor of Romance languages) is convinced that learning languages is the key to success, and our neighbor (a professor of math) thinks that math is what people really need to know. As it happens, geophysicists can do their jobs just fine without giving a second thought to evolution. My son’s piano teacher need never give a thought to economics, and I don’t care whether the person flying my airplane has ever read Anna Karenina, so long as he’s read his pilot manuals.

The evolution question is just a political shibboleth. It turns a matter of science into just another religious test. It’s not a constructive question, but destructive. It’s not a constructive question, but destructive. The more candidates talk about their views on evolution, the less I like them, whatever their views happen to be. The more we focus on the subject, the less interested we are in serious policy debates and the more interested in making political points. I wish that in response to the question, “do you believe in evolution,” candidates would simply answer, “none of your d*** business.”” – JWPicht

One reason why I wrote the article is because I noticed that no matter how candidates respond to the EQ (evolution question), the media or opposition (which might often be the same thing) still fixate on the issue. For instance, in her debate with Chris Coons, Christine O’Donnell said that her personal view of evolution was irrelevant to the discussion, and that she would allow local school districts to have the freedom to educate their children as they saw fit. Coons insisted that the people of Delaware wanted to know O’Donnell’s personal views on the issue anyway.

(Funny that a candidate’s personal views on abortion aren’t considered relevant as long as they support Roe v. Wade, isn’t it?)

This brings me to the inference of a candidate doubting Darwin in the first place.

“So pardon me for challenging you Amanda and questioning whether it is authority that is being challenged by the Americans. When so many poorly educated people feel free to be dubious about the scientific evidence for evolution when the principal influence on their lives is a pastor who can preach to them that evolution is the work of Satan I can’t help but wonder whether you should reconsider that patriotic claim you make on the behalf of your people.”

- sjbolton77

“As has already been noted, Republican candidates are in thrall to an utterly ignorant Republican electorate. It is therefore an entirely sensible thing for any liberal to do to enquire what the candidate thinks about such things as evolutionary theory. There answers might appeal to the great unwashed Republican masses, but it reveals to everyone else with a vote that these people are unprincipled opportunists. So, they know what to expect if they elect them.”

- Mike Magee

This is point has actually crossed my mind before. I know there are plenty of people (Americans included) who blindly accept the ideas of creation and evolution without seriously questioning the concepts. Many people defer to popular evolutionists without understanding science (I call their activity “Reader’s Digest science” – no offense to RD, but you know…), and many defer to creationists without understanding science. I’ve known Christians who believed both and never even suspected they contradicted each other. Some people just aren’t that interested in science. They’re caught up in the present, and aren’t deep thinkers.

But lo and behold, there are intellectuals all over the map in this debate who do think deeply and do research. There are also some lay people on the sidelines that occasionally take a look at the scrimmaging and find one side to be more convincing than the other. Because of this, it is downright wrong to dismiss an evolutionary unbeliever as an idiot.

What do I think about political candidates’ personal views of Darwinian evolution?

Well, I don’t mind as long as they don’t operate on a consistently naturalistic philosophy. Extracting naturalism from evolutionism can result in many things that I find morally reprehensible (i.e., basing the value of life on evolutionary embryology could be used to make an argument in favor of abortion).


Would You Vote For An Atheist?

Maher’s Monkey Business: Academic Travesty and ‘Religulous’ Obsession with O’Donnell

Bill Maher/Christine O'Donnell, 1998 footage

As science is increasingly politicized in the Delaware senate race, viewers have to wonder – what is a Darwinian skeptic, and is it safe to have one in Congress?

Last week, Bill Maher didn’t unearth an archived youthful indiscretion to make Christine O’Donnell the laughingstock of her critics.  Rather, he insulted not only O’Donnell, but an untold number of people who question the scientific status quo.

“Evolution is a myth, and Darwin himself…” O’Donnell began to explain before being interrupted by Maher in a clip from 1998.

“Evolution is a myth?  Have you ever looked at a monkey?” was Maher’s comic rebuttal.

We can cut him some slack, because he was, after all, the comedian on the stage.  But, otherwise, a creationist might as well attempt to refute an evolutionist by saying, “Creation is a myth?  Have you ever looked at a DNA molecule?”  It would be interesting to see which visual experience makes the more compelling argument.

I would probably be on Maher’s side in this argument if the people who had doubts about evolution were only a bunch of backwoods hicks who had never seen a microscope before.  But that in itself is a myth, because that simply isn’t the case.  There are very serious, highly educated scientists who have realized certain facts in the natural world are not adding up in favor of the Darwinian tradition.  Not all of them are creationists or even religious at all.

Contrary to the average media slant, it actually isn’t religion that is criticizing Darwin.  Many dapper theologians have happily merged their belief in the Bible with belief in evolution, and, however soaring or sappy the result may be, it has earned them the highest approval rating Richard Dawkins can muster for a religion: Harmless.  A serious Darwinian doubter is a different sort of person entirely – a seeker who looks beyond religious and professional boundaries.

Maher enjoys perpetuating the misconception that denial of evolution is directly linked to unintelligence.  It actually has nothing to do with basic intelligence.  My Ivy-League educated father has been disbelieving Darwinian evolution for decades — even while he would regularly take my siblings and me to the American Museum of Natural History and the Bronx Zoo.

It is also a misnomer to automatically label a person as “anti-science” just because he or she disbelieves the Darwinian extrapolation of macroevolution.  All a Darwinian skeptic wants is every last iota of data spread upon the dissection table – no secrets, no cover-ups, no manipulation.  Come to think of it, we could use a good dose of that mindset in Congress!

Even if O’Donnell once confused carbon dating with potassium-argon dating (an unsurprising layperson’s mistake), at least she showed enough interest in the subject to investigate beyond the status quo.  The awareness and consideration of more than one informed opinion is an appealing feature in a senatorial candidate.

O’Donnell said quizzically on Maher’s show, “Then why aren’t monkeys still evolving into humans?”  However hastily formed that question may be, the “time did it!” sort of answer she was given was just as inadequate.

A common atheist argument I’ve come across claims, “I looked up in the sky today and didn’t see God, and therefore he doesn’t exist.”

That sounds remarkably naïve, in my opinion, but Maher would probably consider it brilliant.  Evolutionists say we can’t directly observe the macroevolution process, and creationists say we can’t directly observe God, yet both say the handiwork of each is evident.  That leaves us fairly even.

An atheist claims to not see enough evidence for God’s existence, and a non-Darwinist claims to not see enough evidence for the Darwinian concept of macroevolution.  For some inhuman reason, the act of not being convinced is upheld as brilliant in the former case, but considered brain-dead in the latter case.  That is an academic tragedy.

History education is rife with reinterpretation of solid artifacts and writings made by people of the past.  Even President Obama twice omitted “creator” within one week when referencing the famous statement inscribed in the Declaration of Independence that people are “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights.”  Ironically, that creator-acknowledging statement was written by Thomas Jefferson, atheists’ favorite and most exploited founding father.

Perpetual attempts to seize the red pen and infuse new controversies into established pages of history and literature is bewildering, but nevertheless welcomed.  Yet the one field that actually thrives most off of new observation and ideas – science – is the one subject where thinking outside of the politically correct box is forbidden.  Why?

Many fail to understand or share my convictions about academic freedom.  This frustrated me deeply until it dawned on me recently: How could they understand when so few have experienced the level of educational independence that I have had?

I come from an academic family.  My grandfather studied botany at Cornell and later became president of the University of Alabama.  He also knows evolutionary biologist E.O. Wilson.  I was raised in a household with shelves full of materials by both evolutionists and creationists.  My bedroom and schoolroom were occupied by National Geographic and Scientific American issues way before Answers magazine was in print.  Henry M. Morris’ “The Genesis Record” resides in the family library along with an astronomy book that claims to recite the universe’s first three minutes of existence after the Big Bang.

My high school science textbooks were very committed to the scientific method, offering differing hypotheses and theories next to the currently known data of every major topic.  One of the greatest impressions left on me from that curriculum was the way the text candidly admitted that science is such an expanding field that many things I learned in it might be outdated in a few years.  By the way, those textbooks were written by a scientist who believes the Earth is young not for theological reasons, but solely because he thinks the data we have today shows strong evidence for a young Earth.

When I began taking science classes at a state university, I experienced academic confinement for the first time in my life.  The college textbooks that I was issued said the very same things my high school textbooks said in the beginning — that science can never ultimately prove anything, that the ability to be disproved through test or observation is key to a good scientific theory, and that the textbook would mention disagreements among scientists and where intriguing questions remain in the field.  Though I thoroughly enjoyed the subject I was studying, I was disappointed — yet not surprised — that the college textbook failed to keep its promises.

The increasingly politicized nature of the science debate is highlighted in this Delaware election.  Democratic candidate Chris Coons cast in a negative light O’Donnell’s supposed desire to see public schools teach creationism.  To be honest, this characterization is a rather pointless diversion in the debate over science education.

There is no need for science classes to open with a narrative of the universe being brought into existence, such as what is found in Genesis.  Historical documentation belongs in history class.  Science education should consist of instruction in the scientific method and observation of data.  If schools would even teach Darwinian evolution in its entirety – facts and failures, warts and all — we would possibly see a vastly more independent electorate infused with new enthusiasm for inquiring about the natural world.

Would there not be outrage if every political science and economics class forced students to study the system and predictions of only capitalism or only socialism instead of both?  Would there not be suspicion of an elitist agenda at play if such were the case and no criticism of the predominant theory was allowed?  Why, therefore, is this very thing happening in the field that is supposed to be the most open minded and expansive of all – science?

If you can’t take criticism of your ideas, then you do not need to be working in science or government.  Perhaps there is a comfortable, mindless religion out there that will suit you well instead.

Read more of Amanda’s column Not Your Average Read in the Communities at The Washington Times.

Bad science and its moral pretensions: The case of James J. Lee

Thomas Malthus, Charles Darwin, James J. Lee

Thomas Malthus, Charles Darwin, James J. Lee

A disturbing aspect of James J. Lee’s case is that his quest was logical according to respected — albeit false — premises.

This month began with a scare at Discovery Channel headquarters in Silver Spring, Md.  Armed with a gun and explosives, environmental extremist James Jay Lee held a small number of hostages in Discovery’s office building and demanded that the company produce shows in accordance with his demands.

Lee was arrested two years ago after leading a protest that included homeless men in which he tossed thousands of dollars into the air outside Discovery Communications.  He was put in jail for nearly two weeks and evaluated by state psychiatrists, who found nothing wrong with him and his passion for the planet.  Lee’s recent grammatically (and scientifically) challenged manifesto is so ridiculous that it’s comical.

Yet the most disturbing aspect of this case is that the eco-martyr actually wasn’t being illogical.  A self-professed atheist and child-shunner (similar to oft-adored Margaret Sanger, come to think of it), he entered a course of action that followed logically from his premises.

All Lee did was put a doomsday environmental philosophy into action. If

1) the Earth is lacking in resources and threatened by imminent man-made danger,

2) the Discovery Channel isn’t responsibly convincing the masses,

3) humans are an insignificant species and parasitic blight on the landscape, and

4) there is no God…

…then why would terrorizing a building full of people be wrong?

If those premises happen to be true, then Lee was doing something for which he could not be held morally accountable.  Science is not an adequate basis for morality anyway, but firmly held beliefs based on incorrect data certainly don’t advance the cause of righteousness.  Growing evidence shows Lee’s premises to be false.

From “the demands and sayings of Lee“:

“Develop shows that mention the Malthusian sciences about how food production leads to the overpopulation of the Human race. Talk about Evolution. Talk about Malthus and Darwin until it sinks into the stupid people’s brains until they get it!!

(So much for academic integrity — just brainwash the poor Darwin-denying dopes!)

Lee didn’t exactly paraphrase the early 19th-century Malthusian concept of exponential human population growth vs. linear agricultural growth correctly.  Maybe that’s why he failed to realize how irrelevant it is.

All right, time to get out the textbooks again:

“The predictions Malthus made assumed food production is confined spatially – what people can eat within a country depends on what is grown in the country.  We now know his assumption does not hold true; countries are not closed systems.  Malthus did not foresee how globalization would aid the exchange of agricultural goods across the world…food production is not confined spatially, as Malthus assumed…Nonetheless, Malthus’s ideas continue to attract followers.” (pg. 47, Human Geography: People, Place and Culture, 9th edition).

Lee’s agenda sees no value in helping starving people in Third World countries; according to his morality it’s better to let impoverished people die out than it is to help them.  Neither does his agenda favor children who are well-provided for.

“All programs on Discovery Health-TLC must stop encouraging the birth of any more parasitic human infants and the false heroics behind those actions. In those programs’ places, programs encouraging human sterilization and infertility must be pushed
…Saving the Planet means saving what’s left of the non-human Wildlife by decreasing the Human population. That means stopping the human race from breeding any more disgusting human babies! You’re the media, you can reach enough people. It’s your resposibility because you reach so many minds!!!
Humans are the most destructive, filthy, pollutive creatures around and are wrecking what’s left of the planet with their false morals and breeding culture.”

By no stretch of the imagination could a show about human sterilization be more wholesome and entertaining than the Duggar family.  Besides, in recent times, declining fertility rates have been of far more concern than overpopulation.  Very few families are blessed to be as baby-abundant as the Duggars, and mimicking them is certainly not the point.  Rather, it is the sancitity, uniqueness and enjoyment of human life that is refreshing to viewers.

Earlier this year, I was given a carbon footprint calculation assignment in college.  According to Lee’s premises, my household of 11 humans should have sent off alarm bells in the university’s earth sciences department.  However, we surprisingly had a much lower carbon footprint than would be expected from the national average.  I personally have a carbon footprint that is only one-fourth the size of that belonging to the average American.

Without even subscribing to the theory of man-made global warming, our big family lifestyle is very Earth-friendly.  From personal experience it appears that, the more children a family has, the more likely it is to be proficient at reusing, recycling, eating organic food and living in the countryside.  Furthermore, we accept biblical standards of morality, which include caring for and appreciating the Earth.

Nobody has to believe the Bible to be environmentally conscious or to behave morally.  But the premises of the Bible and accurate, updated science offer far more logical reasons to do so than do the demands and sayings of Lee.

In the bizarre instances in which self-professed Christians have gone on deadly rampages, their faulty reasoning actually can be refuted by the biblical worldview they claimed to know.

It will be interesting to see if the same can be said of the environmentalist worldview of Lee.  The Voluntary Human Extinction Movement (VHEMT) disapproved of Lee exercising the “live long and die out” agenda upon the Discovery Channel with “coercive methods.”  That’s kind of them, but does their reasoning really match their own premises?

When Lee defiantly pointed his gun at a hostage, the police fatally shot him to defend the hostage’s life.  Michelle Malkin summed up the episode: “Well, he wanted fewer people on the planet. Now, he’s got his wish.”

Thus is the tragedy that comes about when one believes that the chief end of man is THE END of man.  After all this eco-tragedian, myth of scarcity talk, I think the world could use a dose of Sam Clark’s uplifting Musical Chairs and Tapping In.

Read more of Amanda’s column Not Your Average Read in the Communities at The Washington Times.

It’s Official: An Asteroid Wiped Out the Scientists 150 Years Ago

After all, when in doubt, blame an asteroid.  No other disaster will do.

When I was a child I once acquired a mainstream “educational” coloring book about dinosaurs.  The last page in the book featured two parrots with the caption, “This is what dinosaurs look like today.”  But I thought they were called birds, and nobody forced me to think like that.  Following that train of thought, I would later conclude that Evolutionists don’t know science from Adam.

Consider this quick test: What is science?

If you answered, “The only unbiased, infallibly truthful source of answers that we know of,” then you are likely of evolutionary upbringing.  I don’t mean any personal offense, but you’re also wrong.  Science never gives us infallible answers.  Essentially, it only asks questions.  Science is a procedural tool used to discern evidence about the workings of the natural world (the key word being discern).  Colloquially speaking, the definition of science is more inclusive than that, but let us be technical here.  After all, the beginning of a good education in a subject should be to define the subject, shouldn’t it?  [Insert the next few thousand Socratic questions here]

Here is the buzz:

“Top home-school texts dismiss Darwin, evolution”

“Christian-based materials dominate a growing home-school education market that encompasses more than 1.5 million students in the U.S. And for most home-school parents, a Bible-based version of the Earth’s creation is exactly what they want. Federal statistics from 2007 show 83 percent of home-schooling parents want to give their children ‘religious or moral instruction.’”

- http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100306/ap_on_re/us_rel_home_school_evolution

Now for a little fact-checking from a homeschool graduate: We DON’T totally dismiss Darwin and evolution.  How then do we view them differently, you ask?  Frankly, my dears, we receive your sacred cows in their entirety, warts and all.  That’s why they look a little different from your airbrushed pinup versions in the public schools.

“‘If this is the way kids are home-schooled then they’re being shortchanged, both rationally and in terms of biology,’ [Jerry Coyne] said. He argued that the books may steer students away from careers in biology or the study of the history of the earth.

[Jay Wile] countered that Coyne ‘feels compelled to lie in order to prop up a failing hypothesis (evolution). We definitely do not lie to the students. We tell them the facts that people like Dr. Coyne would prefer to cover up.’”

I grew up with a science textbook that said you can never claim to “prove” something through science because of its tentative nature.  My science textbook also said that science is such an expanding field that many things I learned in it might be outdated in a few years.  You call that bigotry?  Narrow-mindedness?  It’s a lot more integrity than can be found in this headline:

It’s official: An asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs

LONDON (Reuters) – A giant asteroid smashing into Earth is the only plausible explanation for the extinction of the dinosaurs, a global scientific team said on Thursday, hoping to settle a row that has divided experts for decades.

A panel of 41 scientists from across the world reviewed 20 years’ worth of research to try to confirm the cause of the so-called Cretaceous-Tertiary (KT) extinction, which created a “hellish environment” around 65 million years ago and wiped out more than half of all species on the planet.

Scientific opinion was split over whether the extinction was caused by an asteroid or by volcanic activity in the Deccan Traps in what is now India, where there were a series of super volcanic eruptions that lasted around 1.5 million years.

- http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20100304/sc_nm/us_dinosaurs_asteroid

It’s official? What is this, the final vote count on American Idol?  I see there were only two contestants in this thing: Asteroid vs. Volcanic Activity in the Deccan Traps.  Oh, and do let me guess…the dead dinosaurs appear to have been swimming in a violent torrent because they were clawing through parched sand in their final hours (I’ve actually heard that one before).  Note:  I believe the massive, chaotic fossil record to be a result of the kataklysmos, or Great Flood, though the complete disappearance of dinosaurs is likely due to post-flood factors that dwindled their population.  Maybe I can be a guest judge the next time this panel has an earth shattering decision to make.

You’ve got to put everything out on the dissection table in order to know hypothesis from theory, theory from law, fact from fiction.  Dismiss Darwin?  Why bother?  He was pretty good at dismissing himself.  The beloved evolutionary saint Charles Darwin was a naturalist (not a trained scientist), and his observations of microevolution were a decent contribution to our knowledge of the world.  Besides, every now and then he stumbled upon some interesting advice:

“False facts are highly injurious to the progress of science, for they often long endure; but false views, if supported by some evidence, do little harm, as everyone takes a salutary pleasure in proving their falseness; and when this is done, one path towards error is closed and the road to truth is often at the same time opened.”

- Charles Darwin

He was certainly right about the false facts part.

“The fact of evolution is the back bone of biology and is thus in the peculiar position of being a science founded on an unproved theory – is it then a science or a faith?”

- L. Harrison Matthews, evolutionist, writing a forward to an edition of On The Origin Of Species in 1971

*Gag* Draw your own conclusions.

Oh, and I’ve theorized that the asteroid 150 years ago might have affected the Associated Press as well.

“If you read the comments on my previous entry, you know that an AP article recently mentioned me and a textbook that I co-authored. Well, there have been a couple of developments you might want to know about.

First, I received an E-MAIL from the author of the story (Dylan T. Lovan). In my reply to his E-MAIL, I mentioned the fact that he truncated my quote about the demographic of homeschooling. He replied with the following:

“I had your full quote on the question of why the homeschool materials industry is dominated by Christian-based texts. I especially wish your last clever line about natural selection would’ve made it in.

“If I’m planning to write a curriculum, and I want to write it in a way that will appeal to homeschoolers … I’m going to at least find out what my demographic is. And that demographic is, according to most research, 85 to 90 percent conservative Christian. I think in the end if I were an evolutionist looking at that market I’d say, ‘I’m not going to waste my time on that nonsense.’ ” “If I’m a creationist looking at that market I’m thinking this is a place where my views will be received very well. So I think this is sort of a ‘natural selection.’”

So it was not his decision to truncate the quote to make it sound like I was saying something I clearly was not saying. It’s nice to know that, because Dylan does seem like a great guy. It also makes me wonder how much of the AP’s dismal record when it comes to bias and inaccuracies is not the fault of the reporters who write for the AP.”

Continue reading at Dr. Jay L. Wile’s blog

I’ve got a bunch of exams going on, so I’ll have to wait until Spring Break to respond to my latest commenter.  Check back in a week or so.


Fact Checking Muslim Demographics

“I’m sure we’ve all heard some variation of the fact before: the average Muslim family has 8.1 children, while the American birth rate barely reaches the bare minimum for a culture to survive beyond 25 years – 2.11 children – and that is counting the influx of Latino immigration. Discounting the immigrants, the fertility rate of American citizens is a scanty 1.6. This means that there is a good chance the United States of America could become an Islamic-dominated nation (along with European nations) within 50 years unless something changes soon (1).”

- One of the opening paragraphs of Cream Puff Culture, an article by me that targeted child-shunning and its economic consequences, in which I also cited the popular “Muslim Demographics” video. This video has since been ridiculed all over the internet, and some mistakes in its claims have led many to believe that its message is fraudulent, which has led to my article being attacked as incorrect.

Ah, the devil is in the details. Heralding potentially indeterminable details can cause the entire point to be missed and make it appear fraudulent. I apologize for citing the video without including more in depth research. Please allow me to explain that further research shows that my entire article is not at all fraudulent, and neither is the entire video (NOTE: my article content was NOT based upon that video, but rather independent study; the video was only an extra reference which I otherwise have nothing to do with).  But there are minor errors that need to be corrected, and I will proceed to do so now.  I will also attempt dissecting the criticism of the video and see if the criticism is substantial or not.  I’ll have to keep this first article brief, but if I get a chance outside of college studying I will fact-check even more in depth.

The focus of this article will be whether or not the premise of the Muslim Demographics video (that is, the concept that Muslims are growing in population while the rest of the world is not) is worthy of consideration.

“France has a fertility rate of 1.8, Muslims have a fertility rate of 8.1…”

The subject of demographics can be summed up in a few simple words: the study of people replacing people. It doesn’t take a precise science to determine the outcome of many demographically oriented things. Common sense is all that is needed to anticipate the outcome of two people producing two children: if the offspring live, they will have replaced themselves after death, but the population will not increase. But if two parents have more than two children and the offspring live, they will have more than replaced themselves after death.

Ultimately, it doesn’t matter whether the average Muslim woman has 8 children, 5 children or 3 children; Muslim families on average still more than replace themselves more often than the rest of the world. What evidence do we have of this?  According to the U.S. Census Bureau and CIA World Factbook, most Islamic countries have a higher fertility rate than Western nations do, which hearkens to the cultural mindset that Muslims have toward reproduction.


Niger – 7.75 – 80% Muslim

Mali – 7.29 – 90% Muslim

Iraq – 3.9 – 97% Muslim

Afghanistan – 6.53 – over 80% Muslim

Saudi Arabia – 3.83 – 100% Muslim

Yemen – 6.32 – 99% Muslim (according to Swivel; other sources uncertain)

United Arab Emirates – 2.42 – 96% Muslim

Syria – 3.1 – over 74% Muslim

Pakistan – 3.4 – 95% Muslim

Gaza Strip – 5.0 – 99.3% Muslim

Qatar – 2.5 – 77.5 % Muslim

Compare that trend to Western nations, the fertility rates of which The Muslim Demographics video did fairly accurately report:

America – 2.11 or possibly 2.05

England – 1.66

France – 1.98 (The U.S. Census Bureau differs slightly by estimating the French fertility rate to currently be 2.1 per woman with demographic indicators projecting their population to decline to 1.9 by 2025)

Greece – 1.37

Germany – 1.41

Italy – 1.31

Spain – 1.31

The atheist blogger Tiny Frog stated that it didn’t seem to make sense that most of the Muslim immigrants in France could be so populous when they usually come from countries that don’t have such productive birthrates:

Morocco – 2.51

Algeria – 1.79

Tunisia – 1.72

Turkey – 2.21

(Notice that those are still higher numbers than some of the Western nations!)

There are numerous explanations for this.  For one thing, European nations have struggled with the reproduction issue, to the point of offering benefits for women who have children.  Has it ever occurred to anyone that Muslim residents in those countries could just be regular citizens accepting the benefits as well?  For another, demographer Ariela Keysar wrote :

“The average number of children a woman has, defined as the total fertility rate, is determined by both biology and individual choice. Marriage patterns, usage of birth control and social norms regarding family size and infant mortality are among the determinants of fertility…As discussed earlier, a critical factor is distributing the power over reproductive choices…

The differences in fertility rates among the Mediterranean countries are quite striking, with total fertility rates at the top of Figure 9-6 (in North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean) double those at the bottom (in Northern Mediterranean or European countries). Egypt and Syria have about 3 children on average per woman. Greece, Italy and Spain have about 1.4 children on average. This is below replacement level of 2.1 children. In these countries many women are childless…All the Mediterranean countries experienced substantial declines in fertility levels compared to the 1970s levels, with the exception of Israel and France, which had only moderate decreases. The most notable declines were in Syria and Algeria, where fertility rates in the mid-1970s were about 7.4 children per woman on average. In Morocco TFR was 6.9 and in Turkey it was 5.8 at the beginning of the 1970s. These rates are more than double the rates of the 1990s and the rates presented in Figure 9-6 for the beginning of the 21st century. This suggests that Mediterranean populations are shifting from high to low fertility.” (1)

Thus, the traditional high fertility rate has just recently plummeted in that area.  Another possible factor to consider is the infant mortality rate.  Morocco, Algeria, Turkey and Tunisia are ranked worldwide as 69th, 80th, 85th and 98th respectively in height of infant mortality, with 36.88 – 22.57 babies dying per 1,000 live births.  France, on the other hand, is ranked 217th, beating even America’s level of healthy infants (we’re ranked at 180).  The diet, climate and medical improvement offered to immigrants that arrive in France surely doesn’t hurt their fertility level.

“Historical research tells us these numbers are impossible to reverse. In a matter of years, Europe as we know it will cease to exist.”

In science, if you presume a particular result based on an established trend of data because there is no data available for the specific region you are studying, it is called extrapolation.  Some times your extrapolation turns out to be valid, other times it does not.  A famous example of extrapolation gone awry would be the extrapolation made by Charles Darwin.  Though he had no evidence of one species evolving into another, he extrapolated that it might be possible because he saw certain breeds evolve from one to another within species (an accurate trend of data).  He and his followers trusted that evidence to support this extrapolation would be revealed in the future, but we have yet to see any missing links that are not hoaxes, misnomers or still highly disputed finds.

Now, many of the Muslim Demographics video’s claims are extrapolations.  They are what the video producer imagines will happen based on trends of data.  Ultimately, only time will tell if there is any real legitimacy to it.  However, these extrapolations are dealing with fertility rates, which are mathematical examinations and predictions based on a process that we can actually see.  We have never witnessed one species of animal evolve into another, but we have watched populations rise and decline and seen the economic effects such vicissitudes have had.  For now, let us take a closer look at the particular claim about irreversible fertility rates.

Tiny Frog also mentioned that France once revived its fertility rate after it had sunk to astonishingly low numbers after World War II.  However, I perceived that the video meant that if a low fertility rate is sustained for a lengthy period of time (say, 25+ years), then as far as we know the rate is impossible to reverse (which is probably accurate).  France’s low fertility levels did not last for decades upon decades.  The point remains, it still had to be reversed some how in order for the nation to survive.  How do you best go about doing that?  By having children!

“After the population losses of World War I, France prohibited abortion and the promotion of contraception. After World War II, it adopted a pro-natalist national population policy which aims at encouraging more births through financial incentives, such as maternity grants, paid maternity leave and tax benefits to parents. It is associated with the relative high fertility in France as compared with Italy and Spain.” (2)

Interestingly enough, the French census actually does not currently track religion, race or ethnicity.  But in order to “better track its own demographic shifts and combat racial discrimination“, France is considering changing that pretty soon (3).  So, at the moment we may not realize how many pieces of the puzzle we are missing in this realm.

“The German government recently stated, ‘The fall in the [German] population can no longer be stopped.  Its downward spiral is no longer reversible…it will be a Muslim state by the year 2050.’”

This was perhaps the biggest goof in the video, which is odd considering that it wasn’t even necessary to make a dramatic point.  The actual statement made by Walter Rademacher with the German Federal Statistics Office is more interesting.

By Gudrun Schultz

BERLIN, Germany, November 9, 2006 (LifeSiteNews.com) – Germany’s downward spiral in population is no longer reversible, the country’s federal statistics office said Tuesday. The birthrate has dropped so low that immigration numbers cannot compensate.

“The fall in the population can no longer be stopped,” vice-president Walter Rademacher with the Federal Statistics Office said, reported Agence France-Presse.

Germany has the lowest birthrate in Europe, with an average of 1.36 children per woman. Despite government incentives to encourage larger families, the population is dropping rapidly and that trend will continue, with an expected loss of as much as 12 million by 2050. That would mean about a 15 percent drop from the country’s current population of 82.4 million, the German news source Deutsche Welle reported today.

The low birthrate will cause the German population to age dramatically over the next 40 years–last year there were 144,000 more deaths than births, and that number could increase to 600,000 by 2050, the FSO forecast stated.

With a 22 percent reduction in the workforce and increasing costs for senior assistance and medical care, the drop in population is expected to have a radical impact on the nation’s economy, along with the welfare budget…

“The projections tell us the development of demographic trends will be even more dramatic in the eastern part of Germany,” Radermacher said. “This is because of the fertility rates in the eastern part of Germany, because of internal migration with the borders of Germany and many other demographic factors.”

While immigrants are increasingly relied upon to compensate for low birth rates in European countries, Radermacher said even factoring in a projected annual influx of 100,000-200,000 migrants won’t prevent the population plunge.

“Even those people who are immigrants adopt after a couple years the lifestyle and the number of children per family. So the assumption that immigrants will stick to their habits is simply not true.”

Germany has one of the largest populations of Muslim immigrants in Western Europe, with a Muslim community of over 3 million. That trend is expected to continue, leading some demographic trend-watchers to warn that the country is well on the way to becoming a Muslim state by 2050, Deutsche Welle reported.

The Brussels Journal reported last month that one third of all European children will be born to Muslim families by 2025. There are an estimated 50 million Muslims living in Europe today–that number is expected to double over the next twenty years. (4)

So, Deutsche Welle reported that Germany is “well on the way” to becoming a Muslim nation, but did not state that it is a certain fact.  Notice that I also suggested that Muslim population-domination has a “good chance” of happening, but I did not claim that it really would.

“This video uses scare tactics – cherry picking a few gloomy statistics and exploiting them…”

This accusation against the video actually makes me chuckle, because when I watched the video it didn’t scare me at all.  I see how the music, smooth narration and animation effects are a little on the melodramatic side, but I still don’t see it as being scary.  I think the Muslim Demographics video producer’s mistake was in expressing the Muslims-dominating-by-2050 theory as certain fact.   But viewers should be prepared to understand what sort of data is being dealt with.  Fertility rates and immigration rates are, of course, educated estimates; there is no way to know and calculate 100% what is occurring demographically.  It would be more plausible to say that Muslims could conceivably (no pun intended) become a majority within the next hundred years.  The general Islamic mindset of conquering the world by raising more children is not a myth.  There are eyewitness accounts of this.  As I mentioned in my article, even a relative of mine was confronted by a Muslim doctor who told him so to his face.

I will note that the popular Muslim Demographics video might err in another facet of this argument.  Though you might be able to demographically evaluate ethnic origin (i.e., Arab), you cannot truly evaluate faith.  Not all Muslims are of Arab descent (due to conversion), and not all Arabs are (or remain) Muslim (also due to conversion).  I suppose, as we have seen happen in the Mediterranean states, that it is possible that some Muslims can adopt secular ideals of reproduction as well (and as I also mentioned in the article, I don’t think that the secular ideals of reproduction are healthy or right or efficient in the long run).

But really, if you want to play the scare-tactics blame game, why not target Global Warming?  It has less observable and theoretical evidence in its favor than even the Muslim-population-domination theory, yet people, businesses and governments are keeling over in guilt because of it.  Recently Greenpeace leader Gerd Leipold had to admit that his organization’s claim that there would be “ice-free summers in the Arctic by year 2030″ is very unlikely (5).  But he excused it by saying “We – as a pressure group – have to emotionalize issues, and are not ashamed of emotionalizing issues”.

As I continue to research these statistics among other things, I want to remind readers that the facts have nothing to do with me.  Disagree with my thoughts on many topics you may, but I am not responsible for these things that are.  I only report them.


U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/country.php

CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2127rank.html?countryName=Saudi%20Arabia&countryCode=sa&regionCode=me&rank=49#sa

1. Kosmin, Barry A. and Ariela Keyar. Secularism, Women & the State: The Mediterranean World in the 21st Century. Chapter 9, “Women and Demography in the Mediterranean States”. http://www.scribd.com/doc/17232626/Women-and-Demography-in-the-Mediterranean-States, http://www.trincoll.edu/NR/rdonlyres/85D1F734-E008-4416-968A-068E509266C8/0/SWS_Chapter_9.pdf

2. | | | pg. 126

3. “Next Census in France May Track Race, Ethnicity and Religion” http://www.civilrights.org/archives/2009/04/255-french-census.html

4. “German Population Plunge ‘Irreversible’, Federal Stats Office Admits http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2006/nov/06110903.html

5.  “Greenpeace Leader Admits Arctic Ice Exagerration” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NC7bE9jopXE

Origin of the Unoriginal: Episode I

Are you prepared for the drama…the romance…the comedy…of the original science fiction story?  Ironically, it happens to be a true story.  Sit right back and you’ll hear how the unbelievable hypothesis became the darling tale of a once scientific Western Civilization.

The origin of the universe is the ultimate nucleus of all debate. “Where did we come from?” – that very question, in all its cliché simplicity, is the prequel to the ultimate factors that determine an individual’s worldview. It challenges a person to decide how to regard life, death, the universe and morality. There is no detouring around it, though there are so many intellectual “scientific” thinkers that insist upon imagining fine print complexities and tut-tutting away all supposedly childish speculations because they would much rather have the public quietly accept their theoretical spoon feeding. Perhaps this sort of situation has always existed in civilization to some extent. In the past two centuries, so much has happened so quickly that probably few have given much thought to the fact that the debate of origins was given a very peculiar treatment not too long ago. Ah, it doesn’t appear too out of the ordinary anymore, because we have grown up immersed in it, regardless of which side of the debate we actually stand on. But there are plenty of extraordinary things in history that no one likes to talk about any more. Perhaps this has become one of them…

Click here to continue reading.

Image by Latitude 821